Saturday, June 15, 2013

How-to Install and Getting-Started on Oracle 11g R2 Database for Fedora 13-18

This is an Easy and Step-by-Step Guide to Install the Oracle 11g R2 Database x86 on Fedora 13,14,15,16,17 & 18 32bit.

The Guide Include All the Essentials Commands and Basic Screenshots of the Installation Process.

The Process is somewhat Extended and Advanced so it Demand a Basic Command Line Confidence.

So Just Relax and Take the Time of Reading, Understanding and Executing Carefully the Instructions Contained here.

To the Post Bottom you Find Link to Oracle 11g Database Installation Troubleshooting Guides.

Red Hat Oracle
  1. Download the Oracle 11g R2 Database:

    The Link Contains the List of Oracle 11g r2 Database Releases.
  2. Open Terminal Window
  3. Login as SuperUser:
  4. Make Network Configuration
    • Get hostname:
    • Get IP:

      You will Find It Under the lo >> inet Section.

    • Check if Hostname is Already into the Enabled Hosts File.
      cat /etc/hosts
      If It's Not Present then Insert it with:
      nano /etc/hosts

      Insert: <IP HOSTNAME>

      Example: ' localhost.localdomain'

      Ctrl+x to Save and Exit from nano Editor :)

    • Grant Connection to X Server
      xhost +<hostIP>
      Example: # xhost +
  5. Installing Required Packages
    yum install binutils glibc compat-libstdc++-33 glibc-common \
    glibc-devel glibc-headers elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel \
    elfutils gcc gcc-c++ ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++-devel \
    make numactl-devel sysstat mksh unixODBC unixODBC-devel
  6. Add Groups and User
    groupadd -g 502 oinstall
    groupadd -g 503 dba
    groupadd -g 504 oper
    groupadd -g 505 asmadmin
    useradd -u 502 -g oinstall -G dba,asmadmin,oper -s /bin/bash -m oracle
    passwd oracle
  7. Make Target Directories
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01
  8. Parameters Configuration SetUp
    • Edit /etc/sysctl.conf file.
      nano /etc/sysctl.conf
      Add or amend the following lines
      #### Oracle 11g Kernel Parameters ####
      fs.suid_dumpable = 1
      fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
      fs.file-max = 6815744
      kernel.shmall = 2097152
      kernel.shmmax = 536870912
      kernel.shmmni = 4096
      # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
      kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
      net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
      Comment out these lines below that Gives an Error
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0
    • Edit /etc/security/limits.conf file.
      nano /etc/security/limits.conf
      Add the following lines
      #### oracle User Settings 4 Oracle 11g ####
      oracle              soft    nproc   2047
      oracle              hard    nproc   16384
      oracle              soft    nofile  1024
      oracle              hard    nofile  65536
      oracle              soft    stack   10240
    • Disable SELINUX
      nano /etc/selinux/config
      Disable Secure Linux by editing the /etc/selinux/config file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.
    • Load the New Kernel Parameters.

      /sbin/sysctl -p
  9. Unzip the Oracle 11g Database, Set oracle as Owner and Relocate it into the oracle's Home
    cd </path/To/linux_11gR2*.zip>
    chown -R oracle:oinstall database
    mv database /tmp
  10. Add Environment Variables to oracle's .bashrc Login as oracle User
    su oracle
    Edit .bashrc file
    nano /home/oracle/.bashrc
    # Oracle Settings
    TMP=/tmp; export TMP
    TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME
    PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/lib64; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    Substitute HOSTNAME and DBSID with the Values you Will Use During Software Installation In this Example Respectively:
    • HOSTNAME =
    • DBSID = SID

    Load New .bashrc Settings

    source ~/.bashrc

    Last and Optional to Add Full Env-Integration edit also oracle's .bash_profile

    nano ~/.bash_profile


    if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
            source ~/.bashrc
  11. Installing the Oracle 11g Database Software
    cd /tmp/database

    If you Get: "Check if the DISPLAY variable is set. Failed". Look Link Below.

    Link2+ Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting

    Linux Start Oracle 11g R2 Installation

    On the first screen If you Do Not Dispose of an Oracle Subscription Just Leave Blank eMail and Un-Check the Demand of Security Update Support then Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 1 - Disabling Security Updates

    Then Confirm on Warning and Follow. Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation - Confirm on Missing eMail Warning

    On "Select Installation Option" Select "Install database software only" and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 2

    On Step 3 Leave Default "Single instance database installation" and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 3

    On Step 4 Select your Language and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 4

    On Step 5 Leave Default Enterprise Edition and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 5

    On "Installation Location" Set All As Here Below and Click on Next

    • Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
    • Software Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

    These are the Same Settings Inserted into the .bashrc File...

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 6

    On "Create Inventory" if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 7

    On "Operating System Groups" if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 8

    On "Prerequisite Checks" you will Get Easily a "Warning Message" about some Missing Requirements

    Just Check: "Ignore All" and Follow Up with Installation...

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 9

    On the "Summary" Click on "Save Response File" to Take Note of Settings and then Click on Finish Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 10

    The Installation Product Procedure should Start...

  12. Solve Error in invoking target agent nmhs of makefile
    Oracle 11g Error in Invoking Target Agent nmhs of makefile
  13. Executing Scripts

    Right Before the End of Process a Pop-Up Window will Show the Path to Two Configuration Scripts you Need to Execute on Terminal!

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 11

    Next Oracle Should Confirm you of the Successful Installation Achivement.) Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 12

  14. Create and Run a Listener for Oracle 11g
  15. Linux Penguin Oracle 11g
  16. How-to Create a Database for Oracle 11g

    Guide with Detailed Instruction 2 Create a Database for Oracle 11g.

After you Should Access the "Enterprise Manager" on Browser by the URL shown on the Last Screen. On a Localhost for Example you Should Access the Enterprise Manager by the Address:
And you can Login with: User Name: SYS Password: oracleDatabasePassword From the Drop-down below Select >> Connect as SYSDBA You Should be Able to Access the Database by the Enterprise Manager!
How Managing, Start & Stop Oracle 11g R2 Database by SQLPlus Commands
SQLPlus Oracle 11g DB Quick-Start

Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting Guides

Enjoy this "Step by Step" Clear Installation and Getting Started... Goodk Luck! :)